How to Set Text Spacing and Placement in CSS

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Text spacing and placement in CSS is controlled using the letter-spacing, word-spacing, line-height, and text-indent properties. Learn how to set text spacing and placement in the following steps.

  1. The letter-spacing property is used to specify the amount of space between letters. The amount indicated is in addition to the default spacing. The amount is specified in units. For example:
    <div style="letter-spacing: 1em;">It's a wide wide word!</div>
  2. The word-spacing property is used to specify the amount of space between words. The amount indicated is in addition to the default spacing. The amount is specified in units. For example:
    <div style="word-spacing: 1em;">It's a wide wide sentence!</div>
  3. The line-height property is used to specify the amount of vertical space between lines of text. The line-height can be specified in number of units, percentage, or with a multiplier.
    <div style="line-height: 1.5;">
  4. The text-indent property is used to indent (or outdent) the first line of a block of text. The value can be specified in number of units or in percentage of the width of the containing block.
    <div style="text-indent: 50px;">
  5. The following code sample shows all of these properties in use:

    <!DOCTYPE HTML>
    <html>
    <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>Spacing and Line Height</title>
    </head>
    <body>
    <div style="margin-left: 300px;">
    <h1>Spacing and Line Height</h1>
    
    <h2>Letter Spacing</h2>
    <div style="letter-spacing: 1em;">letter-spacing: 1em</div>
    <div style="letter-spacing: -1em;">letter-spacing: -1em</div>
    
    <h2>Word Spacing</h2>
    <div style="word-spacing: 1em;">word-spacing: 1em</div>
    <div style="word-spacing: 1em;">It's a wide wide sentence.</div>
    
    <h2>Line Height</h2>
    <div style="line-height: 1.5;">
    	line-height: 1.5<br>
    	line-height: 1.5<br>
    	line-height: 1.5
    </div>
    <div style="line-height: 150%;">
    	line-height: 150%<br>
    	line-height: 150%<br>
    	line-height: 150%
    </div>
    <div style="line-height: 1.5em;">
    	line-height: 1.5em<br>
    	line-height: 1.5em<br>
    	line-height: 1.5em
    </div>
    <h2>Text-Indent</h2>
    <div style="text-indent: 50px;">
    	text-indent:50px - text-indent only applies to the first line of text.<br>
    	The next lines will not be indented.
    </div>
    <div style="text-indent: 10%;">
    	text-indent:10% - text-indent only applies to the first line of text.<br>
    	The next lines will not be indented.
    </div>
    </div>
    </body>
    </html>

The above code will render the following:Spacing and Placement


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