How to Use the CSS list-style Shorthand Property

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Shorthand properties are CSS properties that can take multiple values, with each value relating to a different regular CSS property. Values in shorthand properties are separated by spaces, as shown below.


selector {
	property: value1 value2 value3;
}

In this how to, you'll learn how to use the list-style shorthand property. The list-style shorthand property is used to set the list-style-type, the list-style-position, and the list-style-image properties.

  1. Start with an HTML page containing four lists.
  2. 
    <!DOCTYPE HTML>
    <html>
    <head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>CSS List Style shorthand</title>
    <style type="text/css" media="screen">
    	div {
    		margin: .75em;
    		padding: .5em;
    		border: 1px solid black;
    		font: .75em verdana;
    	}
    	ul.one {
    		/* No styling applied. */
    	}
    
    	ul.two {
    		/* No styling applied. */
    	}
    
    	ul.three {
    		/* No styling applied. */
    	}
    
    	ul.four {
    		/* No styling applied. */
    	}
    </style>
    </head>
    
    <body>
    <div>
    	<p>This list has no special formatting.</p>
    	<ul class="one">
    		<li>list item 1</li>
    		<li>list item 2</li>
    	</ul>
    </div>
    
    <div>
    	<ul class="two">
    		<li>list item 1</li>
    		<li>list item 2</li>
    	</ul>
    </div>
    
    <div>
    	<ul class="three">
    		<li>list item 1</li>
    		<li>list item 2</li>
    	</ul>
    </div>
    
    <div>
    	<ul class="four">
    		<li>list item 1</li>
    		<li>list item 2</li>
    	</ul>
    </div>
    </body>
    </html>
    	
  3. Leave the styles for the ul.one selector as they are. This will demonstrate the list-style default values.
    
    ul.one {
    	/* No styling applied. */
    }
    
  4. For ul.two, set the value of list-style to none. This will remove the bullet to the left of the list items.
    
    ul.two {
    	list-style: none;
    }
    
  5. For ul.three, set the value of list-style to the path to an image. This will cause the browser to use this image in place of the default disc.
    
    ul.three {
    	list-style: url('Images/listArrow.gif');
    }
    
  6. For ul.four, change all three list-style properties. Note that if the image exists, it will override the value you set for list-style-type. Also note that setting list-style-position to inside causes the bullets to be indented.
    
    ul.four {
    	list-style: square inside url('Images/listArrow.gif');
    }
    
  7. Open the HTML page in a browser. This code renders the following: list-style shorthand

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