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Overview

This comprehensive XML training class teaches students to create well-formed XML documents, to build sophisticated XML Schema for validating XML documents and to build eXtensible Stylesheets (XSLs) for transforming XML documents into XHTML, and other XML structures.

Goals
  1. Learn to create well-formed XML documents
  2. Learn the difference between HTML and XHTML
  3. Learn to create basic DTDs
  4. Learn to validate XML documents
  5. Learn the purpose and power of XML Schema
  6. Learn to declare simple-type and complex-type elements
  7. Learn to derive custom types
  8. Learn to declare attributes
  9. Learn to annotate schemas
  10. Learn to understand namespaces
  11. Learn to work with multiple XML schema documents
  12. Learn to use XPath to access XML elements and attributes
  13. Learn to loop through XML elements
  14. Learn to use conditionals in XSLT
  15. Learn to create and call templates
  16. Learn to work with multiple XSLTs
  17. Learn to reference external XML documents
Outline
  1. XML Basics
    1. What is XML?
    2. XML Benefits
      1. XML Holds Data, Nothing More
      2. XML Separates Structure from Formatting
      3. XML Promotes Data Sharing
      4. XML is Human-Readable
      5. XML is Free
    3. XML in Practice
      1. Content Management
      2. Web Services
      3. RDF / RSS Feeds
    4. XML Documents
      1. The Prolog
      2. Elements
      3. Attributes
      4. CDATA
      5. Whitespace
      6. XML Syntax Rules
      7. Special Characters
    5. Creating a Simple XML File
  2. Quick Introduction to XHTML
    1. XHTML vs. HTML
    2. The DOCTYPE Declaration
      1. XHTML Strict
      2. XHTML Transitional
      3. XHTML Frameset
    3. The Document Element
    4. A Sample XHTML Document
  3. DTDs
    1. Well-formed vs. Valid
    2. The Purpose of DTDs
    3. Creating DTDs
      1. The Document Element
      2. Other Elements
      3. Choice of Elements
      4. Empty Elements
      5. Mixed Content
      6. Location of Modifier
      7. Using Parentheses for Complex Declarations
      8. Declaring Attributes
    4. Validating an XML Document with a DTD
  4. XML Schema Basics
    1. The Purpose of XML Schema
    2. The Power of XML Schema
    3. A First Look
      1. A Simple XML Schema
    4. Validating an XML Instance Document
  5. Simple-Type Elements
    1. Overview
    2. Built-in Simple Types
      1. 19 Primitive Data Types
      2. Built-in Derived Data Types
      3. Defining a Simple-type Element
    3. User-derived Simple Types
      1. Applying Facets
      2. Controlling Length
      3. Specifying Patterns
      4. Working with Numbers
      5. Enumerations
      6. Whitespace-handling
    4. Specifying Element Type Locally
    5. Nonatomic Types
      1. Lists
      2. Unions
    6. Declaring Global Simple-Type Elements
      1. Global vs. Local Simple-Type Elements
      2. Default Values
      3. Fixed Values
      4. Nil Values
  6. Complex-Type Elements
    1. Overview
    2. Content Models
      1. xs:sequence
      2. xs:all
      3. xs:choice
    3. Complex Model Groups
    4. Occurrence Constraints
    5. Declaring Global Complex-Type Elements
    6. Mixed Content
    7. Defining Complex Types Globally
  7. Attributes
    1. Overview
    2. Empty Elements
    3. Adding Attributes to Elements with Complex Content
    4. Adding Attributes to Elements with Simple Content
    5. Restricting Attribute Values
    6. Default and Fixed Values
      1. Default Values
      2. Fixed Values
    7. Requiring Attributes
  8. Reusing Schema Components
    1. Overview
    2. Groups
      1. Element Groups
      2. Attribute Groups
    3. Extending Complex Types
  9. Tying It All Together
    1. Workshop: Creating and reusing XML schemas
  10. Annotating XML Schemas
    1. Overview
    2. Annotating a Schema
    3. Transforming an XML Schema for Documentation
  11. Namespaces
    1. Overview
    2. Purpose of Namespaces
    3. Target Namespaces
    4. Default Namespaces
    5. Locally Declared Elements and Attributes
    6. Qualified Locals
    7. The XMLSchema-instance Namespace
    8. Using Multiple Namespaces
  12. XSLT Basics
    1. eXtensible Stylesheet Language
    2. An XSLT Stylesheet
      1. xsl:template
      2. xsl:value-of
      3. Whitespace and xsl:text
    3. Output Types
      1. Text
      2. XML
      3. HTML
    4. XSLT Elements and Attributes
      1. xsl:element
      2. xsl:attribute
      3. Attributes and Curly Brackets
  13. XPath
    1. XPath in XSLT
    2. XPath Expression
    3. XPath Terminology
      1. Context Node
      2. Current Node
      3. Context Size
      4. Proximity Position
    4. Location Paths
    5. Axis
    6. Node Test
    7. Predicate
    8. Accessing Nodes
    9. Abbreviated Syntax
    10. XPath Functions
    11. XPath Operators
  14. Flow Control in XSLT
    1. Looping in XSLT
    2. Sorting with XSLT
    3. Looping and Sorting
    4. Conditions with XSLT
  15. XSLT Templates, Parameters and Variables
    1. xsl:apply-templates
    2. xsl:call-template
    3. Passing Parameters
    4. Removing Content
    5. Template Modes
    6. Template Priority
      1. Default Priorities
      2. Assigning Priorities
    7. XSLT Variables
  16. Multiple XML and XSLT Documents
    1. Including XSLTs
    2. Importing XSLTs
    3. Conflict resolution
    4. The document() Function
  17. Working with Keys
    1. Key Basics
      1. <xsl:key/>
      2. The key() Function
      3. Improving Performance with Keys
        1. Cross References
        2. The Key Way
      4. Grouping
        1. The generate-id() Function
        2. Using generate-id() for Grouping
  18. Advanced XSLT Techniques
    1. Working with Numbered Lists
      1. The position() function
      2. xsl:number
    2. Outputting Processing Instructions
    3. Copying Nodes
      1. xsl:copy
      2. xsl:copy-of
  19. Tying It All Together
    1. Workshop: Sharing data and transforming it for the Web
Class Materials

Each student in our Live Online and our Onsite classes receives a comprehensive set of materials, including course notes and all the class examples.

Class Prerequisites

Experience in the following would be useful for this XML, XSL, and XPath class:

  • HTML
Prerequisite Courses

Courses that can help you meet these prerequisites:

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