Many different laws protect against diversity discrimination. Some of the most significant Acts protecting individuals from discrimination include:
- Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employment discrimination based on:
- National origin.
- The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
- This act protects applicants and employees with disabilities from discrimination in many aspects of employment on the basis of disability.
- The law also requires that employers provide applicants and employees with disabilities with reasonable accommodations in the workplace.
- The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967
- This act protects applicants and employees 40 years of age or older from discrimination on the basis of age.
- The Equal Pay Act of 1963
- This act prohibits sex discrimination and enforces equal wages for women and men performing equal work in the same establishment.
All of these laws also protect against retaliation. Retaliation is any kind of negative backlash against a person who reports discrimination or opposes discriminatory behavior.