Other Forms of Harassment
Other forms of harassment are defined as employment discrimination that violate Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA), or the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/practices/harassment.cfm states:
"Harassment is unwelcome conduct that is based on race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information."
Quid pro quo harassment and hostile work environment harassment exist in these forms as well, and just like sexual harassment, both are unlawful.
Offensive actions can include:
These types of items are indirect harassment and typically offenders will quickly remove the item or stop the behavior if told that it is offending others. Most people who are guilty of this type of harassment do not want to intentionally offend anyone.
Other offensive actions include:
- Name calling.
These behavior are intentional and target an individual or group. Again, the targeted victim or victims are not the only ones affected in this situation. Individuals in the work area who are offended by the behavior can be just as affected as the direct victim.
Threats and physical assault are the most obvious harassment behavior. These actions are definitely intentional with a direct targeted victim or victims. This behavior is severe and needs to be reported immediately, even if there is only one occurrence.
Many different people can be affected by other forms of harassment, just as with sexual harassment. The victim can be anyone affected by harassment, not only the person being targeted by the harasser.
The harasser can be:
- The victim's supervisor.
- A supervisor from another department.
- A supervisor conducting an interview.
- A co-worker.
- A company contractor.
- Another type of nonemployee.
Not all offensive conduct is necessarily illegal. Minor or isolated incidents may not require legal action. A conversation telling the person to stop their behavior may be all that is needed.
As you can see, other forms of harassment are very similar to sexual harassment. Anyone can be a victim and anyone can be a harasser. The rule is any unwanted behavior, whether received by a targeted individual or bystander, can be harassment.