In SharePoint 2013, lists are created by creating Apps. The out-of-the-box Apps you can create include both lists and libraries. The primary difference between lists and libraries is that libraries always store a document with each item, such as a Word document or Excel spreadsheet. Libraries will be covered in a separate lesson in this course.
To create a list App you first select a list template as a starting point for your list. List templates define the characteristics of a list when used to create a new list. The characteristics defined by list templates include the column types, views, and forms for editing and viewing list data.
There are many factors that define the list templates available to a site such as the version of SharePoint and the features that have been enabled in the farm, site, and site collection. New list templates can be easily added to a site so the list templates choices can vary between different SharePoint installations and even sites within a single installation.
The following is a list of some of the default list templates available in an out-of-the-box SharePoint team site.