Introduction to HTML

HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the language behind most Web pages. The language is made up of elements that describe the structure and format of the content on a Web page.

HTML is maintained by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). As of this writing, the latest versions are HTML 4.01 and XHTML 1.0. See and for the specifications. In this lesson, we will address the differences between HTML and XHTML and discuss the effect of HTML5.

We'll begin the lesson with a simple exercise.

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Lesson Goals
  • Create a simple HTML page.
  • Learn about HTML elements and attributes.
  • Learn the difference between HTML and XHTML.
  • Create the skeleton of an HTML document.
  • Learn about whitespace and HTML.
  • Learn how to output special characters in HTML.
  • Learn how the introduction of HTML5 has affected HTML development.