Reviewing Instructional Design Foundations - Exercise

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Reviewing Instructional Design Foundations - Exercise

Reviewing Instructional Design Foundations

Duration: 10 to 15 minutes.

In this exercise, you will use your knowledge of the foundations of instructional design to answer the following questions.

  1. Students are in small groups in a classroom sharing their best practices for using a particular computer program. What type of learning theory does this involve?
  2. What does CIP stand for, and what are its three fundamental components?
  3. What learning theory puts the learner at the center of knowledge?
  4. A group of employees is taking a class on dealing with difficult colleagues. The class is working through the difficult scenario of dealing with a difficult employee. The group must role play possible conversations with the employee and work on developing best practices for dealing with the situation. The instructor acts as a guide, but the learners must take responsibility for developing their own conclusions. What type of learning theory or theories does this involve? Why?


  1. Situational learning, which involves learning as participation.
  2. CIP stands for cognitive information processing. The three forms of memory in the CIP theory are sensory, short-term, and long-term.
  3. Constructivism, developed by Jean Piaget, puts the learner at the center of the knowledge, constructing information from his or her own experiences.
  4. This is most likely the constructivist approach, since learners are working to construct their own knowledge.