The goal analysis is another one of the steps that instructional designers take when determining instructional needs.
The purpose of analyzing goals is to determine the goals of the learner, that is, what the learner needs to be able to do after completing the learning. Unlike the needs analysis, the instructional designer is not tasked with determining the problem; rather, he or she is focused solely on the solution to that problem.
The following are some example goals:
Once the problem has been determined by the needs analysis, the goal is often apparent to the ID. Instructional design expert Robert Mager devised a process for analyzing goals that are not clear cut:
Let's say that for our business writing course, we have an initial goal that is too vague.
The goal setting process can be straightforward or more complex. It is easy for people, including the person or group requesting the instruction, to lose sight of the overall goal.
One technique IDs can use to focus on the goals of the instruction is known as the functional analysis system technique, or FAST. FAST is a simple chart that the ID fills in, working backward, starting with practices that are established, to obtain the larger goal or goals.
The FAST chart uses simple verb/noun pairs. Here is an example FAST chart:
By starting with the action of eating well, you arrive at the final goal of being healthy.