How to Run a JSP Program in Apache Tomcat (Windows)

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In Brief...

A Java Server Page, or JSP, program is a crucial part of a Java web application because the JSP will send a response back to the server in the form of a web page. For example, a JSP might display the line items of an order to the browser user. In this topic, you will create a very simple JSP and learn how to run the program at the Tomcat server.

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Instructions

To learn how to run a JSP in Apache Tomcat in a Windows environment, follow these 7 steps:

  1. In your text editor, you will develop a simple JSP that creates a web page to display the current date. Type in the following statements in a new file:
    
    <%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html"%>
    <%@ page import="java.text.*,java.util.*" %>
    <html>
    <head>
    <title>Date JSP</title>
    </head>
    <% SimpleDateFormat sdf=new SimpleDateFormat("MM/dd/yyyy"); %>
    <body>
    <h1>Welcome to Tomcat! Today is <%= sdf.format(new Date()) %></h1>
    </body>
    </html>
    
    The program contains <%@ tags that provide metadata about the JSP and import directives. The JSP also contains HTML tags that will be rendered by the browser in the usual way. Note the <% tags that encapsulate Java code. The snippets of Java code are referred to as "scriplets." When the JSP is requested by the browser, the program will be converted into a servlet by a program in the Tomcat container (Jasper) and the HTML output will be sent to the browser.
  2. Save your file as DateJSP.jsp.
  3. Copy your file to CATALINA_HOME/webapps/ROOT, e.g., c:/Tomcat8/webapps/ROOT.
  4. Start the Tomcat server.
  5. Start your browser if it is not already running.
  6. In the address area of the browser, type http://localhost:8080/DateJSP.jsp and submit that address to the browser.
  7. The output of your JSP page will be displayed:
    Date JSP

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Author: Stephen Withrow

Stephen has over 30 years' experience in training, development, and consulting in a variety of technology areas including Java, C, C++, XML, JavaScript, AJAX, Tomcat, JBoss, Oracle, and DB2. His background includes design and implementation of business solutions on client/server, Web, and enterprise platforms. Stephen is a published writer in both technical and non-technical endeavors. Stephen received an undergraduate degree in Computer Science and Physics from Florida State University.

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