Indexing is the process of finding a specific element within a sequence of elements through the element's position. Remember that strings are basically sequences of characters. We can use indexing to find a specific character within the string.
- If we consider the string from left to right, the first character (the left-most) is at position
- If we consider the string from right to left, the first character (the right-most) is at position
The table below illustrates this for the phrase "MONTY PYTHON".
The following code shows how to find characters by position using indexing.
phrase = "Monty Python" first_letter = phrase #[M]onty Python print(first_letter) last_letter = phrase[-1] #Monty Pytho[n] print(last_letter) fifth_letter = phrase #Mont[y] Python print(fifth_letter) third_letter_from_end = phrase[-3] #Monty Pyt[h]on print(third_letter_from_end)
The expected output for each call to
print() is shown in square brackets in the preceding comment.