How to Freeze Panes in Microsoft Excel

In Brief...

Freezing panes is a way of making one or more rows or columns stay at the top or left of your worksheet as you scroll through the worksheet. A common use of freezing panes is to keep a header row in view as you scroll through a large worksheet. To freeze panes in an Excel worksheet, follow these four steps.

This feature works the same in all modern versions of Microsoft Excel: 2010, 2013, and 2016.


  1. On the View tab, in the Window group, click the Freeze Panes command.
    Freeze Panes Command

  2. Select Freeze Panes to freeze the rows above and the columns to the left of the selected cell.

  3. Select Freeze Top Row to freeze the top row only.

  4. Select Freeze First Column to freeze the first column only.
    Freeze First Column

In the following example, notice that the top row includes labels for each column.
Labeled Top Row

After scrolling down in the worksheet, however, the top row is not visible.
Missing Top Row

In the following image, the top row is frozen, so the labels are visible even after scrolling down in the worksheet.
Frozen Top Row

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Author: Dave Dunn

Dave Dunn joined Webucator as Chief Operating Officer in early 2009. He has served as a CFO and COO for numerous small and medium-sized companies, including Summit Software Company, Insight Research Group, Avalon Consulting, and HealthcareOne. He has expertise in business development, financial management, marketing and human resources and particularly enjoys working with rapidly growing companies.

Dave received his Bachelor of Arts from Hamilton College and his MBA from Syracuse University. He has served as Chairman of the Board of the Montessori School of Syracuse since 2001.