How to Cite a Personal Interview in APA Style

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In Brief...

Sometimes a writer will use a personal interview as a source when composing a paper or article. Personal interviews cannot be listed in a reference list because the reader usually does not have access to the person who was interviewed. Here is how to cite a personal interview in the text.

Instructions

  1. Enclose the citation in parentheses.
  2. Start with the first initial of the name of the person being interviewed, followed by a comma.
  3. Add the person's last name, followed by a comma.
  4. Add a phrase like "personal communication" (without quote marks) next, followed by a comma.
  5. Insert the date the interview or communication took place. Spell out the month and follow with the day, a comma, and the year.
    • Citation Example: (J., Sullivan, personal communication, August 31, 2016)
    • This citation will not be listed on the Reference page.

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Author: Janie Sullivan

Janie Sullivan, MBA, MAEd, has been teaching adult learners for over 20 years. She has taught online over 15 years, specializing in writing, communications, and small business applications. Janie directs the Center for Writing Excellence where she offers writing, editing, and formatting services for writers. She has been published in several newspapers and magazines as well as multiple online sites. She teaches communication, business strategy, leadership, and management courses. Janie has published a book "Develop and Deliver an Online Class." This is the third book she has written about writing and teaching online. She also has published a novel and an anthology of short stories.

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