Mark Twain wrote “There are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics.” And statistics indeed can be misleading (intentionally or otherwise).

In baseball, batters who can hit from either side are called switch hitters. They generally hit from the right side against left-handed pitchers and from the left side against right-handed pitchers. Let’s say that you’re a baseball manager and that you need to add a switch hitter to your team. You are considering two different players. Each of the players has had 5,000 major league at bats. Player 1 has a batting average of .296 and Player 2 has a batting average of .315. Let’s say they hit the same number of extra base hits, steal the same number of bases and are equally good fielders. It seems obvious that you should choose Player 2 as he has a significantly higher batting average. Continue Reading »