Introduction to Spark with Python

Introduction to Spark with Python

Course Length:
Delivery Methods:
Course Topics
  • Understand the need for Spark in data processing
  • Understand the Spark architecture and how it distributes computations to cluster nodes
  • Be familiar with basic installation / setup / layout of Spark
  • Use the Spark shell for interactive and ad-hoc operations
  • Understand RDDs (Resilient Distributed Datasets), and data partitioning, pipelining, and computations
  • Understand/use RDD ops such as map(), filter() and others.
  • Understand and use Spark SQL and the DataFrame API.
  • Understand the DataFrame capabilities, including the Catalyst query optimizer and Tungsten memory/cpu optimizations.
  • Be familiar with performance issues, and use DataFrames and Spark SQL for efficient computations
  • Understand Spark’s data caching and use it for efficient data transfer
  • Write/run standalone Spark programs with the Spark API
  • Use Spark Streaming / Structured Streaming to process streaming (real-time) data
  • Ingest streaming data from Kafka, and process via Spark Structured Streaming
  • Understand performance implications and optimizations when using Spark
Available Delivery Methods
Public Class
Public expert-led online training from the convenience of your home, office or anywhere with an internet connection. Guaranteed to run .
Private Class
Private classes are delivered for groups at your offices or a location of your choice.
Course Overview

The Introduction to Spark with Python training class provides a solid technical introduction to the Spark architecture and how Spark works. It covers the basic building blocks of Spark (e.g., RDDs and the distributed compute engine), as well as higher-level constructs that provide a simpler and more capable interface (e.g., DataFrames and Spark SQL). It includes in-depth coverage of Spark SQL and DataFrames, which are now the preferred programming API. This includes exploring possible performance issues and strategies for optimization.

The course also covers more advanced capabilities such as the use of Spark Streaming to process streaming data, and integrating with the Kafka server.

Course Outline
  1. Introduction to Spark
    1. Overview, Motivations, Spark Systems
    2. Spark Ecosystem
    3. Spark vs. Hadoop
    4. Acquiring and Installing Spark
    5. The Spark Shell, SparkContext
  2. RDDs and Spark Architecture
    1. RDD Concepts, Lifecycle, Lazy Evaluation
    2. RDD Partitioning and Transformations
    3. Working with RDDs - Creating and Transforming (map, filter, etc.)
  3. Spark SQL, DataFrames, and DataSets
    1. Overview
    2. SparkSession, Loading/Saving Data, Data Formats (JSON, CSV, Parquet, text ...)
    3. Introducing DataFrames (Creation and Schema Inference)
    4. Supported Data Formats (JSON, Text, CSV, Parquet)
    5. Working with the DataFrame (untyped) Query DSL (Column, Filtering, Grouping, Aggregation)
    6. SQL-based Queries
    7. Mapping and Splitting (flatMap(), explode(), and split())
    8. DataFrames vs. RDDs
  4. Shuffling Transformations and Performance
    1. Grouping, Reducing, Joining
    2. Shuffling, Narrow vs. Wide Dependencies, and Performance Implications
    3. Exploring the Catalyst Query Optimizer (explain(), Query Plans, Issues with lambdas)
    4. The Tungsten Optimizer (Binary Format, Cache Awareness, Whole-Stage Code Gen)
  5. Performance Tuning
    1. Caching - Concepts, Storage Type, Guidelines
    2. Minimizing Shuffling for Increased Performance
    3. Using Broadcast Variables and Accumulators
    4. General Performance Guidelines
  6. Creating Standalone Applications
    1. Core API, SparkSession.Builder
    2. Configuring and Creating a SparkSession
    3. Building and Running Applications - sbt/build.sbt and spark-submit
    4. Application Lifecycle (Driver, Executors, and Tasks)
    5. Cluster Managers (Standalone, YARN, Mesos)
    6. Logging and Debugging
  7. Spark Streaming
    1. Introduction and Streaming Basics
    2. Streaming Introduction
    3. Structured Streaming (Spark 2+)
    4. Continuous Applications
    5. Table Paradigm, Result Table
    6. Steps for Structured Streaming
    7. Sources and Sinks
    8. Consuming Kafka Data
    9. Kafka Overview
    10. Structured Streaming - "kafka" format
    11. Processing the Stream
Class Materials

Each student in our Live Online and our Onsite classes receives a comprehensive set of materials, including course notes and all the class examples.

Class Prerequisites

Experience in the following is required for this Spark class:

  • Working knowledge of some programming language. Java experience is not needed.
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